The National Universities Commission (NUC) has updated the list of approved post-graduate awarding institutions in Nigeria from 94 to 107.
The commission said it observed that some Nigerian universities are running unapproved post-graduate programmes, leading to the award of Masters and PhD degrees.
“The commission has also observed some parastatals and institutes awarding these same postgraduate degrees, either on their own or through unapproved affiliation with Nigerian and foreign universities,” it said.
According to the commission, such practices are not only unethical, “but also antithetical to time -tested quality assurance best practices”.
“The commission hereby notifies the general public that only the following universities have the approval to offer post-graduate programmes at the Masters’ and PhD levels in Nigeria.”
A bulletin from the office of the NUC Executive Secretary contains the list of federal, state and private universities currently allowed to issue such certificates to students in Nigeria.
As of 2018, Nigeria had 162 universities: 41 are federal, 47 are state-owned while 74 are privately owned institutions.
Out of the 41 federal universities across the country, only 26 were approved by the commission for post-graduate programs, 25 state universities were approved for post-graduate programs out of the 47 state-owned universities in the country while 18 universities out of 74 private universities were approved for post-graduate studies.
But in the 2021 update, more universities have been granted approval by the commission for post-graduate programs.
Currently, Nigeria has 202 universities: 49 are federal, 54 are state-owned and 99 are privately owned institutions
Out of the 49 federal universities, 36 are approved by the commission for postgraduate programmes. They are:
- Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University, Bauchi
- Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
- Air-Force Institute of Technology Kaduna
- Alex Ekweme Federal University, Ndufu-Alike, Ebonyi
- Bayero University, Kano
- Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta
- Federal University of Petroleum Resources, Effurun
- Federal University of Technology, Akure
- Federal University of Technology, Minna
- Federal University of Technology, Owerri
- Federal University Oye Ekiti, Ekiti State
- Federal University, Dutse
- Federal University, Dutsin-Ma
- Federal University, Kashere
- Federal University, Lafia
- Federal University, Lokoja
- Federal University, Wukari
- Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike
- Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola
- National Open University of Nigeria, Lagos.
- Nigerian Defence Academy, Kaduna
- Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka
- Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife
- University of Abuja, Gwagwalada
- University of Agriculture, Makurdi
- University of Benin, Benin City
- University of Calabar, Calabar
- University of Ibadan, Ibadan
- University of Jos, Jos
- University of Lagos, Akoka
- University of llorin, llorin
- University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri
- University of Nigeria, Nsukka
- University of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt
- University of Uyo, Uyo
- Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto
Similarly, 34 state universities are approved by the commission for post-graduate programs out of the 54 state-owned universities in the country. The approved universities are :
- Abia State University, Uturu
- Adamawa State University, Mubi
- Adekunle Ajasin University, Akungba-Akoko
- Akwa Ibom State University, Ikot Ikpaden
- Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma
- Bauchi State University Gadau
- Benue State University, Makurdi
- Chukwuemeka Odumegwu Ojukwu University, Uli
- Cross River University of Technology, Calabar
- Delta State University, Abraka
- Edo University, Iyamho
- Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki
- Ekiti State University, Ado-Ekiti,
- Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu
- Gombe State University, Gombe
- Ibrahim Babangida University, Lapai
- Ignatius Ajuru University of Education, Rumuolumeni
- Imo State University, Owerri
- Kaduna State University, Kaduna
- Kano State University of Science and Technology, Wudil
- Kebbi State University of Science and Technology, Aliero
- Kogi State University, Anyigba
- Kwara State University Malete
- Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso
- Lagos State University, Ojo.
- Nasarawa State University, Keffi
- Niger-Delta University, Wilberforce Island
- Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye
- Osun State University, Oshogbo
- Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Port Harcourt
- Tai Solarin University of Education, Ijebu Ode
- Umaru Musa Yar’Adua University, Katsina
- Yobe State University, Damaturu
- Yusuf Maitama Sule University, Kano
Meanwhile, only 37 universities out of 99 private universities in Nigeria are approved for post-graduate studies. The institutions are:
- Achievers University, Owo
- Adeleke University, Ede
- Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State
- African University of Science and Technology, Abuja
- Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo
- Al-Hikmah University, Ilorin
- Al-Qalam University, Kastina
- American University of Nigeria, Yola
- Babcock University, Ilishan-Remo
- Baze University, Abuja
- Bells University of Technology, Ota
- Benson Idahosa University, Benin City
- Bingham University New-Karu
- Bowen University, Iwo
- Caleb University, Lagos
- Covenant University, Ota
- Crawford University, Igbessa
- Crescent University, Abeokuta
- Elizade University, Ilara-Mokin, Ondo State
- Fountain University, Osogbo
- Godfrey Okoye University Ugwuomu-Nike, Enugu
- Igbinedion University, Okada
- Joseph Ayo Babalola University, Ikeji-Arakeji, Osun State
- Landmark University, Omu-Aran
- Lead City University, Ibadan
- Madonna University, Okija
- Mountain Top University, Ogun State
- Nile University of Nigeria, Abuja
- Novena University, Ogume
- Oduduwa University Ipetumodu
- Pan-Atlantic University, Lagos
- Redeemer’s University, Mowe, Ogun State
- Salem University, Lokoja
- Samuel Adegboyega University, Edo State
- University of Mkar, Mkar
- Veritas University Abuja
- Wellspring University, Evbuobanosa, Edo State
“Employers of labour, educational institutions and other stakeholders are to note that only certificates issued by these universities for their approved programmes are valid for employment, further studies and other purposes,” the commission said.
Speaking earlier, the NUC Director of Information and Public Relations, Ibrahim Yakasai, said all the ‘legal’ universities in Nigeria can actually do post-graduate courses “only after meeting certain criteria and conditions of the commission”.
According to him, the commission must verify that the institutions have adequate resources which include “physical and human resources.”
“All universities can ‘graduate’ to post-graduate but the universities with approval are those that are matured, (who) applied and have met the requirements and they’ve been allowed to do post-graduate. So, we published the names of the universities who have met the conditions,” he said.
BMASS still compulsory
Before a particular programme or school can be approved or accredited according to the NUC, the university must have fulfilled all the requirement in the Benchmark Minimum Academic Standard (BMAS).
BMAS is a document that contains all the minimum requirements before a particular programme or school can be approved or accredited by NUC.
The primary objectives of the commission are to ensure the orderly development of university education in Nigeria, to maintain high standards and ensure adequate funding for them.